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Computer Aided Design Environment for Composites (CADEC) 14.1.7255.18050

Software Support for Introduction to Composite Materials Design-- 3rd Edition, CRC (2018) by Ever J. Barbero

Micromechanics-Fracture Toughness GIc

The fracture toughness GIc is a material property of the lamina. Mode I means opening of the cracks. When the calculated Energy Release Rate (ERR), namely GI, reaches the critical value GIc, a crack appears. This fracture-mechanics criterion is used to predict damage initiation and accumulation. Since the fracture toughness GIc is a material property of the lamina, it's value should be measured experimentally and entered as a material property for the lamina, in My Documents, My Laminas. Lacking experimental data for fracture toughness, one can calculate it from known experimental data for transverse tensile strength by using, in addition, the concept of transition thickness. As it is explained in the textbook, the in-situ transverse tensile strength decreases with the square root of ply thickness. For a certain ply thickness, called transition thickness, the in-situ strength does not decrease any more, but it becomes constant. A lamina thicker than this is called a thick lamina; thinner than this is called a thin lamina. As it is explained in the textbook, the transition thickness can be measured by testing laminates with different ply thickness. It happens that the transition thickness is more or less constant for each material system. For glass-epoxy it is about 0.6 mm. For carbon-epoxy it is about 0.8 mm. Knowing this, one can estimate the fracture toughness in terms of experimental values of transverse tensile strength for a unidirectional lamina.

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